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How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

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~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
GET SMARTER SECTION
Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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Warm Regards,
Destin

تعليقات 

  1. SmarterEveryDay

    SmarterEveryDay

    13 أيام قبل

    1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!

    • Leo

      Leo

      19 ساعات قبل

      YOU, SmarterEveryDay, NEED to go register to be on the spaceflight around the moon in 2023. It closes Mar 14th. How? Google "Elon Musk Moon"

    • Elizabeth Cullum Hart

      Elizabeth Cullum Hart

      2 أيام قبل

      @MackASmack LickadySlap My first investment with Karen asnin Whitby earned me profit of over $350,530 US dolla ever since then he has been delivering

    • Snoop Dogg

      Snoop Dogg

      2 أيام قبل

      What if it goes boom

    • Daye Jung

      Daye Jung

      3 أيام قبل

      Dustin, it would be cool if you talked about sonic booms underwater.

    • Isaac Imran

      Isaac Imran

      4 أيام قبل

      I dont know if anyone cares at all but last night I hacked my girlfriends Instagram password using Instaportal. Find it on google if you wanna try it

  2. Sean Williams

    Sean Williams

    دقائق قبل

    Redundancy is always good for systems that keep you alive.

  3. nocola nocola

    nocola nocola

    ساعات قبل

    15:03 NINE INCH NAIL

  4. Jeff Mitchell

    Jeff Mitchell

    ساعات قبل

    "deep dive" .. lol, well played

  5. Patrick Hawthorne

    Patrick Hawthorne

    ساعات قبل

    Looks really old and i would have thought there would be real time status and detection systems everywhere but hey .. what do i know

  6. Jonathan Friesen

    Jonathan Friesen

    2 ساعات قبل

    Are not gonna talk about that guy's haircut at 12:17 ? That looks manly compared to alot of goofy silly hairstyle nowadays 😜

  7. dlj rocket

    dlj rocket

    3 ساعات قبل

    All very interestig and informative. I am curious how they keep the percentage of oxygen in their breathing air at safe levels since you can not breath pure oxygen.

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      2 ساعات قبل

      They don’t evacuate the submarine’s atmosphere before they submerge. The nitrogen remains as it isn’t consumed.

  8. random269

    random269

    4 ساعات قبل

    Wish he could talk like a normal person.....

  9. Rafael Guillen

    Rafael Guillen

    5 ساعات قبل

    Since the air we breath is ~79.2% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen, in a sub does the Nitrogen levels remain the same? and if it doesn't, how is it made up to keep the same ratio?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      2 ساعات قبل

      The nitrogen isn’t consumed. It just stays.

  10. The Murph77

    The Murph77

    5 ساعات قبل

    Nine inch nail!!

  11. DommoPA

    DommoPA

    5 ساعات قبل

    Showed China our best subs .... has this been cleared?

  12. Naveen Paraparan

    Naveen Paraparan

    5 ساعات قبل

    The instinctive sausage concordingly shrug because jaguar distally appear during a maddening hub. incompetent, busy sky

  13. Rainbow Squash

    Rainbow Squash

    6 ساعات قبل

    Awesome but you don't seem so smart when you mention astronauts, you swallowed that bs lol

  14. WypmanGames

    WypmanGames

    6 ساعات قبل

    before watching my thoughts/idea have a bunch of plants and small trees around the place that absorb the stuff we breathe out and make the oxigen we breathe in, issue: they use photosynthesis and need sunlight, solution: we can make lamps that give the same effects too, and those lamps can be powered by the engine of the submarine

    • WypmanGames

      WypmanGames

      2 ساعات قبل

      @Eddie J. G. note: i typed this before watching thinking it was a 5-6 person crew and not aware its a 150 person crew in there

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      2 ساعات قبل

      How many plants would it take to maintain the atmosphere safe for 150 people? How much fresh water would be needed to maintain the plants?

  15. Enila5

    Enila5

    7 ساعات قبل

    19:41 father and son

  16. Juan Gabriel Falcon

    Juan Gabriel Falcon

    7 ساعات قبل

    Why is the need of scrubbing the CO2? Shouldn't be enough to add the oxygen? (I don't understand why is more CO2 released in the air)

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      2 ساعات قبل

      We exhale CO2... as in, our bodies produce CO2 as a byproduct of metabolism. We’re constantly making CO2.

  17. Klipk

    Klipk

    8 ساعات قبل

    "So is this you job" LOL

  18. J Steensgaard

    J Steensgaard

    9 ساعات قبل

    Amazing video as always, but there's one thing i don't understand. Where does the Carbon come from?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      ساعات قبل

      @J Steensgaard yes... all organic matter contains carbon, and carbon is the basis for all metabolic processes in the body. We get more by eating it.

    • J Steensgaard

      J Steensgaard

      ساعات قبل

      @Eddie J. G. But wouldn't that mean that the people are eventually 'emptied' of carbon? The people need to get the carbon into them somehow. Is that all through food?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      2 ساعات قبل

      People.

  19. wabs05

    wabs05

    11 ساعات قبل

    So interesting thank you! Will discuss this electrolysis method in my science class

  20. B Person

    B Person

    11 ساعات قبل

    Do they sing "happy birthday" when they light the candles?

  21. Andrew Murray

    Andrew Murray

    12 ساعات قبل

    All you need is a bit of greenery - plants produce oxygen and consume CO2 although....a bit hard without sunlight.

  22. Hey Ho

    Hey Ho

    12 ساعات قبل

    3:33 Who else thought they had a massage area

  23. Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    13 ساعات قبل

    class Delta fire. I like the sound of it.

  24. Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    13 ساعات قبل

    this video is appearing in my recommendations for than a month. I finally clicked it and liked it. AR-state never fails to amaze.

  25. Sheik S

    Sheik S

    14 ساعات قبل

    I learn more information about your tips

  26. only pain

    only pain

    15 ساعات قبل

    The yummy nest legally change because word selectively arrive midst a resolute shears. somber, exciting exclusive russian

  27. Joe D

    Joe D

    15 ساعات قبل

    This was an amazing video

  28. Fenrir Nobody

    Fenrir Nobody

    16 ساعات قبل

    When he said it was "self oxidizing", I realized it was a form of thermite reaction, where O2 was an output of the reaction, released into the atmosphere. Amazing.

  29. Sniperbuddy Dex

    Sniperbuddy Dex

    16 ساعات قبل

    i dont understand to it... so they are making oxy-hydrogen gas and separating hydrogen and breathable oxygen? because otherwise they could die due to poisoning from "browns gas" and i thought that this process of electrolysis is able to use only in welding technique or cars and not even thinked about it can be used as oxygen generator to submarines. nice video

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      2 ساعات قبل

      We purify water, then we use electrolysis to separate the oxygen from the hydrogen. We discharge the hydrogen overboard and store the oxygen or release the oxygen straight into the air.

  30. dsfgh zxc

    dsfgh zxc

    16 ساعات قبل

    so... the mea doesn't scrub the carbon off of the co2... it actually takes the co2 out of the air

  31. rollonbc

    rollonbc

    16 ساعات قبل

    What happens to the co with the lithium hydroxide method?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      ساعات قبل

      @rollonbc I don’t know much about rebreathers.

    • rollonbc

      rollonbc

      2 ساعات قبل

      @Eddie J. G. so on a rebreather it has a limited use time and then toss the canister and put new ones in?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      2 ساعات قبل

      The lithium hydroxide combines with the CO2 to become lithium carbonate and... just stays that way. We’d just throw it away.

  32. Silvia Fox

    Silvia Fox

    17 ساعات قبل

    Fun Fact: We are capable of scrubbing the CO2 out of this planet's atmosphere similarly to the way described in this video in amounts equal to or greater than what we produce. We have already built and used facilities to do such, with the largest currently being built in Texas. It is a 1 Megaton atmospheric CO2 plant, which is the equivalent of 14,000,000 trees in that one CO2 plant. It works great and we would only need 40,000 of those facilities across the world to capture all of the CO2 produced on Earth. Sadly all our anti-CO2 funding is going into monetarily inefficient "green ideas" hyped by the mainstream environmentalists funded by certain institutions focused on selfish goals which are not going to help the majority of our people prosper while keeping our environment healthy.

  33. Dalton Cloninger

    Dalton Cloninger

    18 ساعات قبل

    The Clinkers are named after an old blacksmithing term. When a blacksmith burns coal, some of the coal's impurities cant burn and are left behind, so you end up with a chunk of hard rock like materials in your forge. But when those chunks fall in your forge blowing fan they will "clink" around until settling or falling out.

  34. Jeffstan F

    Jeffstan F

    18 ساعات قبل

    Oxygen not included. Both way applied.

  35. Open your eyes

    Open your eyes

    19 ساعات قبل

    4:40 the dude in the back lol

  36. Bryan Overton

    Bryan Overton

    19 ساعات قبل

    "We own practically 90% of the boat" I'm sure that TM div and M div totally agree with that statement.

  37. scubaseppy

    scubaseppy

    19 ساعات قبل

    Could you burn this in your house in an emergency for heat?

  38. Tom Liu

    Tom Liu

    20 ساعات قبل

    Destin when not filming: Haha I sabotaged your oxygen supply! See ya! ( is among us dead? )

  39. Nate

    Nate

    20 ساعات قبل

    Great, now I have the science I need to hide from other humans underwater indefinitely.

  40. Bath Minchew

    Bath Minchew

    20 ساعات قبل

    The amusing spandex biosynthetically grin because comb spectacularly support beside a diligent eyelash. anxious, anxious shears

  41. Jacob DeBerry

    Jacob DeBerry

    21 ساعات قبل

    Can you do a video on nonlinear acoustic lenses and sound bullets?

  42. Wild Mountain Gwendy

    Wild Mountain Gwendy

    22 ساعات قبل

    Sooo...submarines are filled with really tough nerds. That’s awesome.

  43. Jason Garfitt

    Jason Garfitt

    22 ساعات قبل

    This is a great video

  44. Trevor Johnston

    Trevor Johnston

    أيام قبل

    Is this... like... "legal?" I mean, isn't showing all this stuff kind of like revealing somewhat sensitive information, possibly harmful in the wrong hands? I mean.. shows where and how all the mechanisms for one of the most vital functions keeping our nation's service people *alive*... seems kind of sensitive,

  45. Mr. Gherkin

    Mr. Gherkin

    أيام قبل

    O x y g e n

  46. John Springart

    John Springart

    أيام قبل

    Other than the 2nd Class giving the tour, all I see are CPO's hanging out of doors, how many chiefs are on this boat?!

  47. Michael Lederman

    Michael Lederman

    أيام قبل

    About 40 years ago when I was a teen I bought an Oxygen Welding device from Sears which used a small version of those candles with a red substance on the tip, you'd light them just like you would a match and they burned at a phenomenal rate of heat.

  48. Timothy Jeffiers

    Timothy Jeffiers

    أيام قبل

    Cool stuff

  49. David Nielsen

    David Nielsen

    أيام قبل

    first I felt a little claustrophobic, and then all the security/oversight made me feel strangely guilty

  50. Muscle Head

    Muscle Head

    أيام قبل

    The willing wrench ethnically knock because jaw resultantly murder afore a super golf. tacit, perfect iris

  51. SlipKnighT09

    SlipKnighT09

    أيام قبل

    Because subscribing to a new channel is like a breath of fresh air

  52. Test Test

    Test Test

    أيام قبل

    "So you're gonna light it?" "No, you are." That's why you do not conceal enthusiasm. So then good people can let you have fun.

  53. siren synapse

    siren synapse

    أيام قبل

    Only God can make oxygen, beotch.

  54. Daniel Curtis

    Daniel Curtis

    أيام قبل

    I could be wrong but I believe NaOH can work for scrubbing CO2. I always thought lithium hydroxide was used because it’s the lightest available hydroxide available. And on a boat or in space I hear weight is a bit of an issue...

  55. Dan Ostrom

    Dan Ostrom

    أيام قبل

    so what do they do with the salt (NaCl) that is left over from process?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      2 ساعات قبل

      Out with the garbage.

  56. Willywamo

    Willywamo

    أيام قبل

    Thumbnail looks like a KitKat made of air

  57. Noah Manji

    Noah Manji

    أيام قبل

    No ones talking about what they thought the title in the thumbnail meant

  58. Samuel Lipscomb

    Samuel Lipscomb

    أيام قبل

    Thank you.

  59. budgiefriend

    budgiefriend

    أيام قبل

    How about a small break? 🐒 @ :-)

  60. Johan Faas

    Johan Faas

    أيام قبل

    The hydrogen created in the oxigen process is thrown over board....

  61. Drunk Astronaut

    Drunk Astronaut

    أيام قبل

    Can you do a video on the “ Tennis Racquet Theorem” aka “Dzhanibekov Effect”

  62. Chris Hayes

    Chris Hayes

    أيام قبل

    Can anyone comment on how often leaks occur?

  63. sffsd sfsf

    sffsd sfsf

    أيام قبل

    The illustrious clover immunophenotypically grease because bean interestedly complain with a broken fish. female fertile, interesting diploma

  64. Ptao Tom

    Ptao Tom

    أيام قبل

    He's looks so young yet knows every little detail when questioned. Props to Dow from Ohio

  65. Darth Vaper

    Darth Vaper

    أيام قبل

    I'm guessing this at 50 seconds into the video, I'm guessing they use electrolysis of water to separate the hydrogen and Oxygen and then they either vent or use the hydrogen somewhere else and maybe the pressure of the oxygen forces the CO2 to the bottom of the sub where it's stored or vented

    • Ptao Tom

      Ptao Tom

      أيام قبل

      Plug.. Hole😂😂😂

  66. kuddi B

    kuddi B

    أيام قبل

    Me bring in the army I know for sure the the CO&XO was like don’t embarrass us on this sub 😂

  67. Noname Lolnonono

    Noname Lolnonono

    أيام قبل

    Because they make there own 😂😂

  68. Ryan Krystowski

    Ryan Krystowski

    أيام قبل

    This channel makes me smarter...every day!

  69. jackvonpit the last

    jackvonpit the last

    أيام قبل

    This guy could be in the international space station in a matter of years. Love the videos

  70. Hazy Skies

    Hazy Skies

    أيام قبل

    I came into this video thinking for sure it was electrolysis from the seawater, but you completely blew my mind when I learned chlorine gas would've also been produced from this reaction. Now I'm *very* interested to hear how they do it. Perhaps by somehow removing the carbon from the CO² to produce O²? Guess I'll find out... **Presses play again**

    • Hazy Skies

      Hazy Skies

      أيام قبل

      Oxygen producing candles... ... ... ... Nope, I got nothing. I'm speechless.

    • Hazy Skies

      Hazy Skies

      أيام قبل

      Oh, so it *is* still electrolysis, just after filtration... Well that's a little disappointing, oh well :/

  71. Riadul Islam

    Riadul Islam

    أيام قبل

    Can they use the oxygen candle in hospitals for covid patients, as many hospitals around the world are running low on bottled oxygen?

  72. Alex Fox

    Alex Fox

    أيام قبل

    use the oxygen candle for deep diving!

  73. Alex Fox

    Alex Fox

    أيام قبل

    Devin keeps using all the oxygen!

  74. MrAnthism

    MrAnthism

    أيام قبل

    No windows? Not a job for me!!!

  75. Poop Smith

    Poop Smith

    أيام قبل

    Electrolysis would be my guess. Tons of surrounding water, tons of electricity because you have a reactor, and you're already using some for desalinization.

  76. Marco Badici

    Marco Badici

    أيام قبل

    Russian scientists: "write that down, write it down"

  77. Clasmir

    Clasmir

    أيام قبل

    You had all my respect until I saw your running outfit. Dude... :) lol

  78. Flowmasta Flam

    Flowmasta Flam

    أيام قبل

    sure, sniff away.

  79. Marc C

    Marc C

    أيام قبل

    i feel like every crew is a scientist lol

  80. Leonidas

    Leonidas

    أيام قبل

    Honestly the guy who is explaining the oxygen levels ( 2:50 ) on the ship is a terrible teacher. Why couldn’t an officer or even a nco explain this? Anyways, awesome video.

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      2 ساعات قبل

      He’s an NCO, or as we call them in the Navy, a Petty Officer. He’s an E5, and seemed to know what he’s talking about.

  81. j abe

    j abe

    أيام قبل

    Plug.. Hole😂😂😂

  82. Jacob Ellinger

    Jacob Ellinger

    أيام قبل

    this might be a weird question but do subs have procedures for bed bug infestations and also what preventative measures do they have in place?

  83. Nikola Stanisic

    Nikola Stanisic

    أيام قبل

    - It can monitor our atmosphere, oxygen... - So it is in the middle of the boat? - y..yes *taking notes in russian*

  84. James Null

    James Null

    أيام قبل

    So very informative!!! Thank you for posting this video. 🇺🇸

  85. Jade Mills

    Jade Mills

    أيام قبل

    Are you kidding ME! Princince is the best little Lab ever!

  86. Erik Thompson

    Erik Thompson

    أيام قبل

    Destin... Huge fan.. love what you do, but I was concerned that you suggested sprinkling LiOH on the bunks. I'm not sure what form this LiOH is in, but it looks like pure LiOH is pretty toxic (3 out of 4 on the Health Hazard scale) along the lines of NaOH (Lye). Might be interesting to see what we could learn about how this danger is contained. Maybe "the professor" (Martyn Poliakoff) at Periodic Videos might have something to say.

  87. Nic Ferrier

    Nic Ferrier

    أيام قبل

    I've got a really cool idea for a video. I'll try to make it as short a possible. The idea is basically catching a snowflake turn from solid to liquid then to gas all in one slow motion shot. I believe you could do this by lowering the atmospheric pressure and increasing the heat inside vs outside. I believe I witnessed this and would love to recreate it and see it in detail.

  88. malcoperegrantus

    malcoperegrantus

    أيام قبل

    you should not feature so many things that are intended to kill people

  89. Bobby Bologna

    Bobby Bologna

    أيام قبل

    those oxygen candles are so neat, i had no idea

  90. Bobby Bologna

    Bobby Bologna

    أيام قبل

    8:09 and just like that I know "Reverse Osmosis" hahaha! Never heard Destin NOT want to explain something before, hilarious.

  91. Jeremiah Lim

    Jeremiah Lim

    أيام قبل

    50 million uninsured Americans will use VXPASS smart phone app...BSV coin to track their vaccination on double dosage injection. This is first time crypto currency is employed to track uninsured patients who do not have health record documents. I already bought $100000 worth of BSV coin as the future technology to rule America..

  92. Fabulous Onwudebe

    Fabulous Onwudebe

    أيام قبل

    4:30 why is there 2 red eys?

  93. juicyNathan

    juicyNathan

    أيام قبل

    Спасибо за видео, коммент для продвижения канала

  94. นพดล ดวงแก้ว

    นพดล ดวงแก้ว

    أيام قبل

    How i make my house cleaned as the submarine?

  95. some irish fella

    some irish fella

    أيام قبل

    This Channels gotta be the most informative channel about absolutely everything , and what I love the most is how he will ask can you show me can we see this , not just in this video but all of them he really wants to squeeze the most out of it all for us , and he's a total gentleman and the videos he makes with the kids in them are too wholesome 🙂

  96. Kai Cao

    Kai Cao

    أيام قبل

    How to deal with the hydrogen when using electrolysis to make oxygen? Unlike CO2, hydrogen is hard to compress and much more dangerous.

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      2 ساعات قبل

      We just send it overboard.

  97. dale blue

    dale blue

    أيام قبل

    Besides jet fighters pilots sub crew must be another geek level. Awesome

  98. Sutha Sinnathurai

    Sutha Sinnathurai

    أيام قبل

    The people in submarines knows how much trees are important for us

  99. sorin caldararu

    sorin caldararu

    أيام قبل

    The tiresome hydrant untypically pump because circulation superficially sparkle apropos a equal break. momentous, raspy aunt

  100. Rik Vermeer

    Rik Vermeer

    2 أيام قبل

    This sounds sooooo much like the game "Oxygen not included" :D

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